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Guide to Working with our Tiles:

When using our tiles we have a specialist team versed in the preparation, laying and finishing of our tiles. Our friendly team offer an onsite visit to assess the requirements of your job and will see the installation process through to a perfectly laid encaustic tile. Please contact us to speak with the Maitland&Poate In-House Tile Team.

If you choose to lay the tiles yourself the following directions are intended for professional tradesmen. Please consult a professional in all cases.

  • When cutting the tiles use a diamond cutter or angle grinder.
  • Some of the antique tiles can weigh up to 2kg each and are usually 20cm x 20cm x 2cm.
  1. Sand tiles with an 80 grit sandpaper followed by a second sand with a very fine paper (150-220) to ensure a clean tile (this applies to new tiles more since you don’t want there to be any blemishes – this can also be done with old tiles if you wish to clean further).
  2. The tile will then need to be cleaned (if sanded and if a cleaner tile is desired). Use one of the cleaning products recommended below. Use a lightly dipped cloth to avoid making tile too wet. Allow the tiles to dry for a minimum of 10 hours. (read manufactures guidelines)
  3. Make sure the area where the tiles are to be laid is void of dust and moisture.
  4. Having applied your adhesive to the floor, tile with a notched trowel lay with spacers – use a pointing technique rather than a slurry technique since the grout dye can seep into and stain the tile. (between 1-2mm – keep the grout thin compliments the patterns) – ensure tiles are level – allow the adhesive to set. Leave adhesive to dry for 8 days. This drying time allows the tiles to dry properly and let moisture out.       NOTE: You can use rapid/turbo adhesives which dry much quicker and shorten the dry time if you are confident using these products.
  5. The tiles will next need cleaning (once the adhesive dries) –
  6. We recommend the following cleaning products:   a) Fila PS/87 (available in the UK)    b) Litho n MN Power Clean (available in the UK)
  7. Due to the porous nature of the tile they must be left to thoroughly dry so that all the moisture can evaporate. This is very important since sealing the tile prematurely could potentially leave stains. Leave for a minimum of a week.
  8. Now that the tiles are completely dry they can be sealed. Follow the specific instructions depending on your choice of sealant. We recommend a few different products:   a) Fila FOB (available in the UK)   b) Lithofin Stain-Stop MN (available in the UK)   c) Bellatrix
  9. Grouting – While grouting the tiles always make sure that excess grout is cleaned off so as not to damage the tile in anyway. Continue to change the water so that dirty water is not used, this is to ensure clean tiles. (never use chemical cleaners). Natural grout is recommended to avoid staining from the dye.
  10. Extra polished or satin finishes can finally be applied depending on the desired finish. (We can recommend a variety of finishes produced by Fila, Bellatrix or Litho). When using the tiles in a bathroom add another layer of sealant (tiles should be cleaned again before laying this final coat of sealant).

Extra notes on strengthening floors

If the floor or wall is not masonry it maybe good to strengthen. Using extra noggins, joists and stud work to strengthen. If in doubt consult a qualified builder or structural engineer.

To reduce chances of cracking we recommend 2 layers of cross bonded 9mm WBP hardwood ply glued together using waterproof wood adhesive screwed at a minimum of 300mm centers. We also recommend Dura-base matting – please see manufacturers guidelines.

Extra notes on strengthening walls

Strengthen most stud walls (professional advice should be sought). Noggins x 2 required. Use same Ply wood technique as described with floors or use 12mm hardie board (cement based board) screwed at 100mm centres laid in a staggered configuration. Lay 6mm hardboard on top of 12mm hardie board covering all joins where possible. We suggest grip filling adhesives to stick hardie board together to further reduce excess movement. NOTE: All surfaces must be primed in accordance with manufacturers instructions.

NOTE: All instructions and recommendations of manufacturers to be followed when using products.

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